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Roses are the classic of a fairytale garden and with over 30,000 varieties, it is easy to lose track. For the local latitudes there are some types of roses that immediately attract attention with their flowers and scent. Decoratively, they fit into the picture and some of them are even visited by insects. With the right rose types and varieties, your garden will become a colorful retreat.

30 varieties of roses

The search for the right roses is made easier if you have a clear list at your disposal. Roses have been one of the most popular garden plants for centuries, so it is not surprising that the number of varieties is so extensive. The individual rose species, from which the varieties originate, are all found within the genus of roses, which means that they share many characteristics with each other. The rose varieties listed below are divided into six categories:

  • Hybrid Tea Roses
  • shrub roses
  • bed roses
  • miniature roses
  • groundcover roses
  • climbing roses

These are the typical classifications into which roses are mainly divided in Central Europe. The list contains 30 types of roses, with the individual characteristics of the corresponding variety being clearly presented. You will also receive a brief explanation of what makes the groups different from the others. So you can quickly find the right type of rose for your garden.

Hybrid Tea Roses

Hybrid teas are types of roses that develop long flower stalks so that they can then be easily cut for vases and arrangements. On the other hand, they do not develop as much green as other varieties, which sometimes makes them appear a bit sparse in larger groups. They often form intense flower colors and less fragrance.

1. Bellevue

  • Flowers: intense red to crimson, double
  • Flowering time: mid-April to October
  • Growth height: 70 to 90 centimeters
  • Width: 40 to 50 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: yes

2. Charisma

  • Flower: magenta, double
  • Flowering period: June to late September
  • Growth height: 100 to 120 centimeters
  • Width: 60 to 70 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to off-sun
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: yes

3. Countess Diana

  • Flower: crimson, double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 90 to 120 centimeters
  • Width: 40 to 60 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to shady
  • Scent: exceptionally strong scent
  • Hardy: conditionally

4. Inspiration

  • Flowers: yellow and salmon pink, double
  • Flowering period: early June to mid-October
  • Growth height: 60 to 80 centimeters
  • Width: 50 to 60 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Scent: not present
  • Hardy: yes

5. Maxim

  • Flowers: creamy white to pink, filled
  • Flowering period: early June to October
  • Growth height: 70 to 100 centimeters
  • Width: up to 60 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Fragrance: intense
  • Hardy: conditionally

6.Sunny Sky

  • Flower: light yellow, filled
  • Flowering period: mid-June to October
  • Growth height: 100 to 120 centimeters
  • Width: 50 to 60 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: conditionally

shrub roses

If you choose these roses, you can look forward to sprawling shrubs that reach heights of up to three meters and have a very dense growth. They can be excellently trained to form hedges, as they are heavily branched and floriferous. Many of the rose varieties within this category are also counted among the old and English roses.

1. Alexandra Princesse de Luxembourg

  • Flower: pink, filled
  • Flowering period: June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 100 to 140 centimeters
  • Width: 50 to 100 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: strongly sweet
  • Hardy: yes

2. Dinky

  • Flower: intense pink, very double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 100 to 150 centimeters
  • Width: 100 to 120 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to shady
  • Scent: pleasant
  • Hardy: yes

3. Juliet Renaissance

  • Flowers: pearly white to pink, double
  • Flowering period: June to November
  • Growth height: up to 150 centimeters
  • Width: up to 90 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: pleasant
  • Hardy: yes

4th Freising Dawn

  • Flowers: orange-yellow with a yellow base, semi-double
  • Flowering period: July to late September
  • Growth height: 130 to 170 centimeters
  • Width: 60 to 100 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Fragrance: intense
  • Hardy: yes

5. Snow White

  • Flowers: snow-white, semi-double
  • Flowering time: mid-June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 100 to 120 centimeters
  • Width: 60 to 80 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: delicate
  • Hardy: yes

6. Westerland

  • Flower: orange, semi-double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-November
  • Growth height: 100 to 200 centimeters
  • Width: 60 to 90 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Fragrance: medium
  • Hardy: yes

tip: If you are looking for a shrub rose with a particularly strong scent, you should give the 'Rose de Resht' a chance. Historically used to make rose oil, this Portland rose (bot. Rosa portlandia) also draws attention in large clusters throughout the neighborhood for its intoxicating scent.

bed roses

Bed roses are varieties that grow both compact and low. They reach an average maximum height of up to 80 centimeters and can be planted close together. Due to their low height, they can be placed to save space.

1. Bonica '82

  • Flower: soft pink, filled
  • Flowering period: June to late September
  • Growth height: 50 to 80 centimeters
  • Width: 60 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: not scented
  • Hardy: yes

2. Easy going

  • Flower: orange-copper, very double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 50 to 80 centimeters
  • Width: 50 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Fragrance: soft
  • Hardy: yes

3. Frisia

  • Flower: golden yellow, semi-double
  • Flowering period: June to late September
  • Growth height: 50 to 70 centimeters
  • Width: 30 to 40 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: fruity
  • Hardy: conditionally

4. Lions Rose

  • Flowers: creamy white to pink, filled
  • Flowering period: early June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 70 to 80 centimeters
  • Width: 40 to 50 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: conditionally

5. Milano

  • Flower: scarlet, semi-double
  • Flowering time: June to the end of August
  • Growth height: up to 60 centimeters
  • Width: up to 40 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: conditionally

tip: In the case of bed roses, it is also advisable to look for varieties with an ADR seal, the "Recognized German Roses". Because compared to many other types of roses, they are ideal for the German garden, as they can withstand unfavorable locations, partial shade, diseases and pests and thus provide joy for a long time.

miniature roses

As the name suggests, dwarf roses are small rose varieties that reach a maximum height of 30 centimeters. Since they require a lot of care and are vulnerable, you should either keep them in a well-protected location or in containers.

1. Honeymilk

  • Flowers: white with a honey-yellow centre, double
  • Flowering period: July to mid-September
  • Growth height: up to 50 centimeters
  • Width: up to 30 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Fragrance: no fragrance
  • Hardy: no

2.Mandy

  • Flower: intense blood red, semi-double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-September
  • Growth height: up to 50 centimeters
  • Width: up to 30 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: conditionally

3. Orange Meillandina

  • Flower color: bright orange, very double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-September
  • Growth height: 30 to 40 centimeters
  • Width: up to 30 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Fragrance: no fragrance
  • Hardy: no

4. Pink Symphony

  • Flowers: Porcelain pink, semi-double, resembling hybrid tea roses
  • Flowering period: June to early September
  • Growth height: up to 45 centimeters
  • Width: up to 30 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: weak
  • Hardy: conditionally

5. Rosemary 89

  • Flower: intense pink, very double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-October
  • Growth height: up to 25 centimeters
  • Width: up to 25 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to shady
  • Scent: barely perceptible
  • Hardy: conditionally

groundcover roses

With ground cover roses there are also small varieties that are very often provided with the ADR seal. Use these if you want to plant decorative plants on large areas.

1. Apple Blossom

  • Flower: white, single
  • Flowering period: June to mid-October
  • Growth height: 70 to 100 centimeters
  • Width: 70 to 100 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Fragrance: soft
  • Hardy: yes

2. Heath fire

  • Flower: bright red, double
  • Flowering period: June to mid-August
  • Growth height: 40 to 50 centimeters
  • Width: 40 to 50 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Fragrance: no fragrance
  • Hardy: yes

3. Magic Meidiland

  • Flower: romantic pink, double
  • Flowering period: mid-June to early September
  • Growth height: up to 50 centimeters
  • Width: up to 40 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to off-sun
  • Scent: gently of linden blossom
  • Hardy: yes

4. Purple Haze

  • Flower: violet crimson, single
  • Flowering period: June to early October
  • Growth height: 50 to 80 centimeters
  • Width: 40 to 60 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Fragrance: no fragrance
  • Hardy: conditionally

5. The Fairy

  • Flowers: salmon pink, double
  • Flowering period: June to early October
  • Growth height: 50 to 80 centimeters
  • Width: up to 50 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Fragrance: no fragrance
  • Hardy: yes

tip: If you have the chance, you should take a look at the variety 'Lavender Dream', because its hue is unique in the world of roses. Roses do not naturally form blue flowers, but 'Lavender Dream' has a blend of pink and blue tones that immediately catches the eye despite the weak blue pigments.

climbing roses

Climbing roses are the largest rose species and varieties on this list that you can also grow in the garden. Due to their shoots, which can grow up to 15 meters long, they are also very heavy. But they can be used decoratively in other ways than the rose varieties mentioned so far.

1. AyrshireQueen

  • Flowers: white-pink, semi-double
  • Flowering period: June to September
  • Height of growth: up to 1,000 centimetres
  • Width: depends on climbing frame
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Fragrance: soft
  • Hardy: yes

2. Elf

  • Flower: greenish ivory, double
  • Flowering period: June to late September
  • Growth height: up to 300 centimeters
  • Width: up to 100 centimeters
  • Location: sunny
  • Scent: delicate
  • Hardy: yes

3. Ghislaine de FĂ©ligonde

  • Flowers: soft yellow, double
  • Flowering period: May to mid-September
  • Growth height: up to 200 centimeters
  • Width: up to 100 centimeters
  • Location: sunny to semi-shady
  • Scent: balanced
  • Hardy: yes

Alternative: wild rose species

The extensive breeding variants of the genus Rosa are always worth a look and ensure a varied design of your own green oasis. However, if you are not looking for a special breed, but for a natural look reminiscent of the local forests and fields, you should plant the classic wild forms. All of these have advantages over breeding roses:

  • undemanding
  • also tolerate poor soils
  • shade tolerant
  • wind resistant
  • hardly need to be watered
  • also hardly need to be fertilized at all
  • no winter protection required
  • form edible fruits (rose hips).
  • attract insects
  • often smell intense

Another advantage of the wild roses is that you hardly have to cut them. Only old, broken or dried branches have to be removed. Although wild roses do not have such unusual colors and flower shapes as the varieties already mentioned, they are ideal for your garden if you only have unsuitable locations available for planting. They are also a source of food for bees, which is particularly desirable in urban areas. When choosing a wild rose, consider the following types of roses:

  • Potato rose (bot. Rosa rugosa)
  • Dog rose (bot. Rosa canina)
  • Burnet rose (bot. Rosa spinosissima)
  • Field rose (bot. Rosa arvensis)
  • Mandarin rose (bot. Rosa moyesii)
  • Wine rose (bot. Rosa rubiginosa)
  • Fox rose (bot. Rosa foetida)
  • Vinegar rose (bot. Rosa gallica)

Each of the species has its own charm and you can even plant several in the garden if you have enough space. Many wild roses tend to runners, which is something you should be aware of.

Potato rose, Rosa rugosa

notice: Wild roses have another advantage due to their thorns. They grow very densely and are therefore often used as natural hedges, especially on larger plots of land, as they can be very vigorous.

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