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Horned violets are just as popular in the garden as pansies (bot. Viola wittrockiana) and inspire with their variety of colors and patterns, the intense scent and the long flowering period. Flowering is why many gardeners want to grow Viola cornuta, as it can accentuate beds and add a personal touch. From the time of flowering, they not only enchant with their beauty, but also with their robust nature.
Flowering time of horned violets
Viola cornuta is one of the most popular garden plants in Germany, which grows perennial as a perennial and develops its flowers every year. It is interesting for you to know when the plants bloom at all. The classic horned violet flowering period takes place in three phases:
- Peak season for most varieties: April - June
- later season of other varieties: May - September
- selected long-term bloomers: April - October
Most of the varieties of the violet family (bot. Violaceae) bloom during the high season. This makes them popular plants that are often used as transitional plant are planted together with heralds of spring and replace them towards the middle of spring. On the other hand, if you want to admire or smell the beautiful horned violets all season long, you should rely on a variety like 'Molly Sanderson'. It flowers from April to August and with good care even until mid-April. In any case, the Viola cornuta are perennials that inspire throughout the summer and can show their full effect, especially in close proximity to people.Horned Violet
tip: Don't be surprised by sparse flowering if your specimens are more than two years old. Although these are perennial plants, they become lazy after the second season.
Longer flowering varieties
Horned violets are available in a wide variety of varieties, which, like many other perennials, are divided into two main groups:
- seed propagating
- cuttings propagating
If you want to enjoy long flowering times, you should rely on the cutting-producing varieties, as they are particularly robust. Although these are varieties that do not produce such a rich amount of flowers, they flower much longer.
The following varieties are recommended for this:
- Alba minor
- Baby Franco
- Irish Molly
- Boughton Blue
- Yello King
- Rome van Aalsmeer
The best thing about these strains is their consistency, which also shows in the flowering time. They bloom much longer than varieties that propagate through self-seeding and for this reason present their picturesque floral decoration more richly, but not for as long. For this reason, you can expect long-lasting flowering joy in your own garden with these varieties.
tip: There is no problem planting horned violets in tubs or hanging baskets. The plants bloom without any problems on the balcony or terrace and transform them into a place of relaxation.
extend flowering time
One reason horned violets are a popular crop is the opportunity to get the buds to bloom a second time. However, this is only possible through the influence of humans, because the ornamental flower first has to lose its withered blossoms. When the second horned violet blossom is possible depends on the variety used and the weather conditions. So there is no telling how long you will have to wait for the next bloom.
With the following tips you can significantly extend the duration of the horn violet blossom:
1. With a sharp and clean tool, trim the entire plant back in half, including the buds. It will then sprout again and form flowers again in the next few weeks.
2. The timing of pruning should be just before wilting or while the flowers are still blooming. This will protect the viola cornuta from the seed formation, which has a negative effect on the energy balance and thus prevents renewed flowering.
3. Don't forget to take good care of the violets and give some fertilizer after you trim the perennials. This favors the formation of new flowers and you can look forward to them again.
4. Horned violets have the best prerequisites for a second flowering in a row partially shaded location. Too much sun can have a negative effect on this because violets quickly suffer from drought stress.
That's all you can do to be able to enjoy the horn violet blossoms again throughout the year. Since these are simple maintenance steps, they are completed quickly and the result is all the more appealing. The second horned violet blossom then appears in autumn and after this the plant goes into its well-deserved hibernation. Before hibernation, you should cut back the flowers in the same way and provide winter protection with a layer of brushwood or mulch. As a result, the violets survive the winter and can sprout again next spring.
tip: Once you have decided to have a second flower, you should never discard the cut flowers unless they are rotten. The flowers can be eaten or used as an edible decoration in salads or desserts and are described as having a citrus flavor that goes perfectly with ice cream or cake.