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The sowing of peppers and chili is easy, because basically they only need a lot of light and warmth. However, if you are aiming for a harvest that is as productive as possible, you should already take certain factors into account when sowing. We'll give you valuable tips to help you grow magnificent plants from the seed!

Sow peppers and chili

time and location

If you want to sow peppers or chillies, it is best to start as early as possible. This ensures that the plants actually mature and bear fruit by the end of the season. As a rule, the seeds are sown at the end of February/beginning of March, provided that the light conditions and temperatures permit. The optimal conditions can be achieved at the following locations:

  • heated greenhouse
  • conservatory
  • Window sill on a south window
pepper plant


What is needed?

In addition to date and location, the required equipment also plays an important role. In the first place this is it substrate should be mentioned, because conventional potting soil is generally not recommended. It is better to put the seeds in a special potting soil to sow. Because this is much more finely crumbly and nutrient-poor, which in turn has a positive effect on the development of the roots. Vessels are also required for cultivation, with the following options being available here:

  • Cultivation bowl or cultivation pot
  • yoghurt pot
  • small pots of peat
  • egg cartons
  • coconut spring pot

notice: If the jar does not have a lid, a transparent film is also required.


Many hobby gardeners swear by the peppers and chili seeds before sowing to swell. For this purpose, the seeds are placed in warm chamomile tea for around 24 hours. This process should not only kill fungal spores, but also make the seedlings healthier and stronger. Once the date for sowing has come, the best course of action is as follows:

  • Fill the seed tray with potting soil
  • Distribute seeds evenly
  • about 1 cm deep
  • put a thin layer of soil on top
  • Press the soil gently
  • moisten gently but thoroughly
  • Cover the jar with transparent foil

notice: Capsicum and chili germinate best at a temperature of around 25 °C. However, if it is too cold, the plants will not germinate!

germination and care

The germination time of peppers and chillies depends on various factors and can therefore vary. If factors such as light, temperature and humidity are optimal, the seedlings will grow correspondingly faster. In general, however, it can be said that the first pair of cotyledons forms about three to four weeks after sowing. Until then, it is advisable to pay attention to the following:

  • Always keep the substrate moist
  • Avoid waterlogging
  • maintained around 25 °C
  • Remove the cover from time to time

notice: A weak and/or malformed seedling should be discarded immediately after germination.

Read here how to grow your own pepper or chili plant from the seedling.

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