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A red beech hedge can reach enormous proportions. For information on the growth, height, location and conditions of your beech hedge, see the guide below. This makes maintenance child's play.

In a nutshell

  • a height of up to 45 meters is possible
  • extremely fast growth, also in width
  • Regular size checks required
  • Planting space plays a crucial role
  • neglected blending leads to partial balding


The common beech thrives best in sheltered and bright locations. The growth here is fast and reliable, which, in combination with the appropriate care, ensures a dense hedge.
This results in various advantages. These include:

  • better privacy
  • offers protection against wind
  • efficient shade provider
  • high level of security for nesting birds

growth rate

The red beech grows very quickly in height and width. An increase of 40 to 50 centimeters per year can be expected in each direction. This speed has both advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, a privacy screen that is comparatively tight is quickly achieved. A prerequisite for this is regular cutting.
On the other hand, the rapid growth of the beech hedge can become a problem in a short time if there is not enough pruning. Because in many places only a certain height and width is allowed for the hedge. In addition, potential problems arise from the comprehensive dimensions. Below:

  • Competition for water and nutrients
  • very strong shading of other plants
  • Balding of the lower sections due to lack of sunlight

The waste therefore fulfills several important functions and is crucial for the health of the plants.


Red beeches are comparatively easy to care for. Nevertheless, they should be fertilized and watered. With good care, growth is not only rapid, but also healthy and steady. In addition, the risk of infestation with parasites and diseases decreases.
For the supply of nutrients, the use of special hedge fertilizer is recommended. Depending on the product selected, fertilize with a slow-release fertilizer once in March or from March until the end of the growth phase in June. Additional watering only needs to be done immediately after planting and during long dry periods.


Due to the rapid growth, the red beech hedge should be trimmed at least twice a year. As a result, it does not get too big too quickly and grows denser. Make sure that there are no bird nests in the hedge and you cut under the right conditions. Otherwise, the measure can lead to damage to the hedge.


If the copper beech is planted solitarily and has a protected planting place, it can reach an age of up to 300 years. As a hedge, however, the lifespan is significantly shorter. However, with appropriate care, several decades can be expected.


There are several different possible causes for baldness. On the one hand, the age of the red beech hedge decides. The longer it is in the same location and the older it is, the higher the probability of bare branches. Potential other problems and reasons include:

  • wrong form: A slightly conical shape makes sense. The thinner tip allows more sunlight to reach the lower areas.
  • lack of care: With insufficient nutrients or too little water, growth and resistance are reduced. If the clipping is removed too often or at the wrong time, the hedge can also become lighter.
  • unprotected planting place: Particularly exposed planting sites can ensure that the leaves burn, dry out or freeze to death in the blazing sun.

Tip: A radical pruning is well tolerated by an otherwise healthy red beech. It is best done before the first sprouting in spring.

frequently asked Questions

What height of beech hedge is allowed?

This varies from region to region and is determined by the municipality. The specifications of the garden association or a landlord can also play a role. This important information should therefore be found out in advance, along with the length and distance to the property line.

Why are care measures not only important for growth?

The height and width of the hedge depends on the supply. However, this also applies to the density of the foliage and the health of the plants.

Why is cutting off the tips crucial?

To limit the size, the tips must be cut off as well as the side shoots. Ideally, this should start in the first year to promote dense growth.

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